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健康之路20180604刘中民、主动脉瘤的症状、筛查与治疗

来源:中央电视台健康之路 作者:百山夕养生网整理时间:2018-06-22
以下内容为中央电视台科教频道健康之路2018年6月4日节目《扫除体内隐形地雷》视频和要点笔记。什么是主动脉瘤?主动脉瘤为什么致死率奇高?哪些人要特别小心主动脉瘤?得了主动脉瘤怎么办?
讲述专家-刘中民:同济大学附属东方医院院长主任医师。
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关于主动脉
主动脉瘤早期无明显症状,极易被忽略,另外主动脉瘤发病呈年轻化趋势。
您知道主动脉在哪里吗?主动脉瘤长在哪里吗?为什么主动脉瘤如此危险呢?咱们一起看看这个心脏模型,了解一下吧~
 
哪些人更容易患主动脉瘤?
高血压病人
约80%的主动脉瘤是高血压引起的。
有遗传性疾病(马凡氏综合征)的人
这些人血管壁天生比较薄弱,容易破裂。
另外大动脉炎、梅毒、糖尿病患者也需要提高警惕。
主动脉瘤破裂的危险因素
剧烈运动情绪激动、血压控制不好(控制血压尤其要关注低压)、抽烟、喝酒、便秘咳嗽、寒冷、过度劳累都会引起主动脉瘤破裂!
这些危险因素是诱发主动脉瘤破裂的导火索,如果您属于主动脉瘤高危人群,请提高警惕!
主动脉瘤危险又容易破裂,高危人群如何得知自己身体有无潜在危险呢?
专家推荐,通过做胸部增强CT检查可及时发现主动脉瘤。
主动脉瘤早期症状和其他疾病比较容易混淆↓↓↓↓↓↓
主动脉瘤早期症状
但是,如果您处在高危之列,一旦出现这些蛛丝马迹一定要及时就医哦!
得了主动脉瘤怎么办?
治疗主动脉瘤的方法是手术,但是主动脉瘤的位置不一样,手术的难度也不一样!我们来听听专家的意见吧~
 
血管里藏“炸弹”,它极易隐藏,还非常善于伪装,一定要提高警惕哦~

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